An interoperable electronic medical record-based platform for personalized predictive analytics
Precision medicine refers to the delivering of customized treatment to patients based on their individual characteristics, and aims to reduce adverse events, improve diagnostic methods, and enhance the efficacy of therapies. Among efforts to achieve the goals of precision medicine, researchers have used observational data for developing predictive modeling to best predict health outcomes according to patients' variables. Although numerous predictive models have been reported in the literature,
... ot all models present high prediction power, and as the result, not all models may reach clinical settings to help healthcare professionals make clinical decisions at the point-of-care. The lack of generalizability stems from the fact that no comprehensive medical data repository exists that has the information of all patients in the target population. Even if the patients' records were available from other sources, the datasets may need further processing prior to data analysis due to differences in the structure of databases and the coding systems used to record concepts. This project intends to fill the gap by introducing an interoperable solution that receives patient electronic health records via Health Level Seven (HL7) messaging standard from other data sources, transforms the records to observational medical outcomes partnership (OMOP) common data model (CDM) for population health research, and applies predictive models on patient data to make predictions about health outcomes. This project comprises of three studies. The first study introduces CCD-TO-OMOP parser, and evaluates OMOP CDM to accommodate patient data transferred by HL7 consolidated continuity of care documents (CCDs). The second study explores how to adopt predictive model markup language (PMML) for standardizing dissemination of OMOP-based predictive models. Finally, the third study introduces Personalized Health Risk Scoring Tool (PHRST), a pilot, interoperable OMOP-based model scoring tool that processes the embedded models and generates risk scores in a real-time manner. vii The final product addresses objectives of precision medicine, and has the potentials to not only be employed at the point-of-care to deliver individualized treatment to patients, but also can contribute to health outcome research by easing collecting clinical outcomes across diverse medical centers independent of system specifications.