Effects of reducing reagents and temperature on conversion of nitrite and nitrate to nitric oxide and detection of NO by chemiluminescence

F Yang, E Troncy, M Francoeur, B Vinet, P Vinay, G Czaika, G Blaise
1997 Clinical Chemistry  
To measure the concentration of nitrites and nitrates by chemiluminescence, we examined the efficiency of five reducing agents [V(III), Mo(VI) + Fe(II), NaI, Ti(III), and Cr(III)] to reduce nitrite (NO2-) and (or) nitrate (NO3-) to nitric oxide (NO). The effect of each reducing agent on the conversion of different amounts of NO2- and (or) NO3- (100-500 pmol, representing concentrations of 0.4 to 2 mu molar) to NO was determined at 20 degrees C for NO2- and at 80 degrees C for NO3-. The effect
more » ... NO3-. The effect of temperature from 20 to 90 degrees C on the conversion of a fixed amount of NO2- or NO3- (400 pmol or 1.6 mu molar) to NO was also determined. These five reducing agents are similarly efficient for the conversion of NO2- to NO at 20 degrees C. V(III) and Mo(VI) + Fe(II) can completely reduce NO3- to NO at 80 degrees C. NaI and Cr(III) were unable to convert NO3- to NO. Increased temperature facilitated the conversion of NO3- to NO, rather than that of NO2- to NO. We evaluated the recovery of NO2- and NO3- from plasmas of pig and of dog. Recovery from plasma of both animals was reproducible and near quantitative.
pmid:9105269 fatcat:iyfg4psyhzgr5jdaahhac4zawu