Diabetic Neuropathy Is a More Important Determinant of Baroreflex Sensitivity Than Carotid Elasticity in Type 2 Diabetes

J. Ruiz, D. Monbaron, G. Parati, S. Perret, E. Haesler, C. Danzeisen, D. Hayoz
2005 Hypertension  
The object of this study was to evaluate the contribution of carotid distensibilty on baroreflex sensitivity in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus with at least 2 additional cardiovascular risk factors. Carotid distensibility was measured bilaterally at the common carotid artery in 79 consecutive diabetic patients and 60 matched subjects without diabetes. Spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity assessment was obtained using time and frequency methods. Baroreflex sensitivity was lower in diabetic
more » ... s lower in diabetic subjects as compared with nondiabetic control subjects (5.25Ϯ2.80 ms/mm Hg versus 7.55Ϯ3.79 ms/mm Hg; PϽ0.01, respectively). Contrary to nondiabetic subjects, diabetic subjects showed no significant correlation between carotid distensibility and baroreflex sensitivity (r 2 ϭ0.08, Pϭ0.04 and r 2 ϭ0.04, Pϭ0.13, respectively). In diabetic subjects, baroreflex sensitivity was significantly lower in subjects with peripheral neuropathy than in those with preserved vibration sensation (4.1Ϯ0.5 versus 6.1Ϯ0.4 ms/mm Hg, respectively; Pϭ0.005). Age in nondiabetic subjects, diabetes duration, systolic blood pressure, peripheral or sensitive neuropathy, and carotid distensibility were introduced in a stepwise multivariate analysis to identify the determinants of baroreflex sensitivity. In diabetic patients, neuropathy is a more sensitive determinant of baroreflex sensitivity than the reduced carotid distensibility (stepwise analysis; F ratioϭ5.1, Pϭ0.028 versus F ratioϭ1.9, Pϭ0.16, respectively). In diabetic subjects with 2 additional cardiovascular risk factors, spontaneous baroreflex sensitivity is not related to carotid distensibility. Diabetic subjects represent a particular population within the spectrum of cardiovascular risk situations because of the marked neuropathy associated with their metabolic disorder. Therefore, neuropathy is a more significant determinant of baroreflex sensitivity than carotid artery elasticity in patients with type 2 diabetes. (Hypertension. 2005;46:162-167.)
doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000169053.14440.7d pmid:15928031 fatcat:arevjypq3nd43ok3uqp64lnkza