How Client Capabilities, Vendor Configuration, and Location Impact BPO Outcomes

Jonathan Whitaker, Sanjeev Kumar, M. S. Krishnan
2016 Journal of Computer Information Systems  
Despite the increasing use of onshore and offshore business process outsourcing (BPO), a comprehensive literature review [Lacity et al. 2011 ] finds there has been limited empirical research on BPO outcomes. This paper responds to the call for research by developing and testing a conceptual model for BPO outcomes using data from 50 firms publicly traded in the U.S., including 38 firms in the Forbes Global 2000. We find that client firm capabilities, vendor configuration and country location
more » ... ountry location lead to interesting tradeoffs in BPO quality, cost and time outcomes. For example, while multi-sourcing offers advantages such as risk mitigation, client firms encounter reduced BPO time benefits when they use multiple vendors. While onshore BPO can lead to improved quality, higher onshore labor costs result in lower BPO cost savings. And while offshore destinations such as India offer lower labor costs, time zone differences lead to reduced BPO time benefits.
doi:10.1080/08874417.2016.1220241 fatcat:tyk2tibzcnckvfzcqmsnmlm4gm