Immunophysical characterization of human isolates of Serratia marcescens
Journal of Clinical Microbiology
The immunophysical characteristics of 29 Serratia marcescens strains isolated from hospitalized patients in three different cities were studied. Their outer membrane antigens were compared by solid-phase radioimmunoassay inhibition, and their proteinase K-treated, whole-cell lysates were compared by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (SDS-PAGE) and immunoblot analysis. The strains had a limited number of unique outer membrane lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and capsular
... d capsular polysaccharide (K) antigens. By solid-phase radioimmunoassay inhibition, these strains could be divided into four distinct LPS and five K antigenic groups. By SDS-PAGE, the LPS groups could be further divided into three distinct SDS-PAGE core polysaccharide profiles and five distinct O-side-chain polysaccharide profiles. Immunoblot analysis with rabbit antiserum confirmed the limited heterogeneity of these isolates. Of the strains tested, no PAGE profile was unique to blood or nonblood isolates or to organisms collected from a given hospital. Variability of O and core PAGE profiles was not a function of organism growth cycle. Five representative Serratia strains were tested by SDS-PAGE and immunoblot analysis and in a bactericidal assay with normal human serum. We found that (i) the normal human serum had antibodies to the LPS of each of the strains, (ii) the anti-LPS antibody measured by immunoblot did not correlate with the level of bactericidal activity in the normal human serum, (iii) three of four sepsis isolates were serum sensitive, (iv) two Serratia strains serum sensitive in log-phase growth became serum resistant in late stationary-phase growth and under limiting nutrient conditions, and (v) no LPS PAGE profile distinguished serum-sensitive from serum-resistant strains. A280/260. K-antigen purification. Capsular polysaccharide was prepared from S. marcescens 21 by following the methods 20 on May 5, 2020 by guest http://jcm.asm.org/ Downloaded from 28:451-458.