Weakly Supervised Fine-Grained Image Classification via Guassian Mixture Model Oriented Discriminative Learning
2020 IEEE/CVF Conference on Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition (CVPR)
Existing weakly supervised fine-grained image recognition (WFGIR) methods usually pick out the discriminative regions from the high-level feature maps directly. We discover that due to the operation of stacking local receptive filed, Convolutional Neural Network causes the discriminative region diffusion in high-level feature maps, which leads to inaccurate discriminative region localization. In this paper, we propose an end-to-end Discriminative Featureoriented Gaussian Mixture Model (DF-GMM),
... to address the problem of discriminative region diffusion and find better fine-grained details. Specifically, DF-GMM consists of 1) a low-rank representation mechanism (LRM), which learns a set of low-rank discriminative bases by Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM) to accurately select discriminative details and filter more irrelevant information in high-level semantic feature maps, 2) a low-rank representation reorganization mechanism (LR 2 M) which resumes the space information of low-rank discriminative bases to reconstruct the low-rank feature maps. By recovering the low-rank discriminative bases into the same embedding space of highlevel feature maps, LR 2 M alleviates the discriminative region diffusion problem in high-level feature map and discriminative regions can be located more precisely on the new low-rank feature maps. Extensive experiments verify that DF-GMM yields the best performance under the same settings with the most competitive approaches, in CUB-Bird, Stanford-Cars datasets, and FGVC Aircraft.