Synthesis and Intracellular Trafficking of Muc-1 and Mucins by Polarized Mouse Uterine Epithelial Cells
Journal of Biological Chemistry
Mucins function as a protective layer rendering the apical surface of epithelial cells nonadhesive to a variety of microorganisms and macromolecules. Muc-1 is a transmembrane mucin expressed at the apical cell surface of mouse uterine epithelial cells (UEC) that disappears as UEC become receptive for embryo implantation (Surveyor, G. 1995) Endocrinology 136, 3639 -3647). In the present study, the kinetics of Muc-1 assembly, cell surface expression, release, and degradation were examined in
... re examined in polarized mouse UEC in vitro. Mucins were identified as the predominant glycoconjugates synthesized, apically expressed, and vectorially released in both wild-type and Muc-1 null mice. When mucins were released, greater than 95% were directed to the apical compartment. Approximately half of the cell-associated mucins lost during a 24-h period were found in the apical compartment. Vectorial biotinylation detected apically disposed, cell-surface mucin and indicated that at least 34% of these mucins are released apically within 24 h. This suggests that release of mucin ectodomains is part of the mechanism of mucin removal from the apical cell surface of UEC. The halflives of total cell-associated mucins and Muc-1 were 19.5 ؎ 1 and 16.5 ؎ 0.8 h, respectively. Muc-1 represented approximately 10% of the [ 3 H]glucosamine-labeled, cellassociated mucins. Studies of the kinetics of intracellular transport of Muc-1 indicated transit times of 21 ؎ 15 min from the rough endoplasmic reticulum to Golgi apparatus and 111 ؎ 28 min from the Golgi apparatus to the cell surface. Collectively, these studies provide the first comprehensive description of Muc-1 and mucin maturation, metabolism, and release by polarized cells, as well as defining a major metabolic fate for mucins expressed by UEC. Normal metabolic processing appears to be sufficient to account for the removal of Muc-1 protein during the transition of UEC to a receptive state.