Dietary restraint, life satisfaction and self-discrepancy by gender in university students

Berta Schnettler, Klaus G. Grunert, Ligia Orellana, José Sepúlveda, Horacio Miranda, Germán Lobos, Cristian Adasme-Berríos, Marianela Denegri, Marcos Mora, Natalia Salinas-Oñate, Clementina Hueche, Soledad Etchebarne
2017 Suma Psicológica  
This study aimed to characterize dieting and non-dieting university students by gender, based on their satisfaction with life and their food-related life, self-discrepancy, food behavior and health-related aspects. A non-probabilistic sample of 305 students from five Chilean state universities responded a questionnaire that included the Revised Restraint Scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Satisfaction with Food-related Life Scale, the Health-related Quality of Life Index, the
more » ... Index, the Nutrition Interest Scale and the Self-Discrepancy Index. Sociodemographic characteristics, food behavior, and approximate weight and height were also enquired. Chronic dieters and non-dieters were distinguished according to the median score of the Revised Restraint Scale. 51.1% of women and 55.5% of men classified as chronic dieters, sharing characteristics such as nutrition concern, mental health problems, higher body mass index, and physical and economic self-discrepancy. Women dieters reported lower life satisfaction and satisfaction with food-related life, more health problems and health-related restriction of food, while men dieters showed higher social and emotional self-discrepancy.
doi:10.1016/j.sumpsi.2016.12.001 fatcat:thvp3go3bzdixevxn4bksiihym