Residual stresses in deep-drawn cups made of duplex stainless steel X2CrNiN23-4

Nicola Simon, Hannes Erdle, Stefan Walzer, Jens Gibmeier, Thomas Böhlke, Mathias Liewald
2021 Forschung im Ingenieurwesen  
AbstractResidual stress development in deep drawing processes is investigated based on cylindrical cups made of duplex stainless steel sheet. Using a two-scale approach combining finite element modelling with a mean field homogenization scheme the macro residual stresses as well as the phase-specific micro residual stresses regarding the phases ferrite and austenite are calculated for steel X2CrNiN23‑4 for various drawing depths. The simulation approach allows for the numerical efficient
more » ... ion of the macro and phase-specific micro residual stress in every integration point of the entire component. The simulation results are validated by means of X‑ray diffraction residual stress analysis applied to a deep-drawn cup manufactured using corresponding process parameters. The results clearly indicate that the fast simulation approach is well suited for the numerical prediction of residual stresses induced by deep drawing for the two-phase duplex steel; the numerical results are in good agreement with the experimental data. Regarding the investigated process, a significant influence of the drawing depth, in particular on the evolution of the residual stress distribution in drawing direction, is observed. Considering the appropriate phase-specific strain hardening, the two-scale approach is also well suited for the prediction of phase specific residual stresses on the component level.
doi:10.1007/s10010-021-00497-4 fatcat:ndxblkejevhmlj2wpxrjhlkuhe