Brief sensory deprivation triggers cell type-specific structural and functional plasticity in olfactory bulb neurons [article]

Elisa Galliano, Christiane Hahn, Lorcan Browne, Paula Rodriguez Villamayor, Matthew S Grubb
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Can alterations in experience trigger different plastic modifications in neuronal structure and function, and if so, how do they integrate at the cellular level? To address this question, we interrogated circuitry in the mouse olfactory bulb responsible for the earliest steps in odour processing. We induced experience-dependent plasticity in mice by blocking one nostril for a day, a minimally-invasive manipulation which leaves the sensory organ undamaged and is akin to the natural transient
more » ... kage suffered during common mild rhinal infections. We found that such brief sensory deprivation produced structural and functional plasticity in one highly specialised bulbar cell type: axon-bearing dopaminergic neurons in the glomerular layer. After 24h naris occlusion, the axon initial segment (AIS) in bulbar dopaminergic neurons became significantly shorter, a structural modification that was also associated with a decrease in intrinsic excitability. These effects were specific to the AIS-positive dopaminergic subpopulation, because no experience-dependent alterations in intrinsic excitability were observed in AIS-negative dopaminergic cells. Moreover, 24h naris occlusion produced no structural changes at the AIS of bulbar excitatory neurons − mitral/tufted and external tufted cells − nor did it alter their intrinsic excitability. By targeting excitability in one specialised dopaminergic subpopulation, experience-dependent plasticity in early olfactory networks might act to fine-tune sensory processing in the face of continually fluctuating inputs.
doi:10.1101/2020.05.10.086926 fatcat:y64wut7nrnardezkgbwyx75sci