Algebraic Structure of Cut Feynman Integrals and the Diagrammatic Coaction

Samuel Abreu, Ruth Britto, Claude Duhr, Einan Gardi
2017 Physical Review Letters  
We study the algebraic and analytic structure of Feynman integrals by proposing an operation that maps an integral into pairs of integrals obtained from a master integrand and a corresponding master contour. This operation is a coaction. It reduces to the known coaction on multiple polylogarithms, but applies more generally, e.g. to hypergeometric functions. The coaction also applies to generic one-loop Feynman integrals with any configuration of internal and external masses, and in dimensional
more » ... regularization. In this case, we demonstrate that it can be given a diagrammatic representation purely in terms of operations on graphs, namely contractions and cuts of edges. The coaction gives direct access to (iterated) discontinuities of Feynman integrals and facilitates a straightforward derivation of the differential equations they admit. In particular, the differential equations for any one-loop integral are determined by the diagrammatic coaction using limited information about their maximal, next-to-maximal, and next-to-next-to-maximal cuts.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.119.051601 pmid:28949709 fatcat:kohna7vb4zamrbycacnbleikp4