Oral Human Papillomavirus Infection and Its Risk Factors among 5,410 Healthy Adults in China, 2009-2011

D. Hang, F. Liu, M. Liu, Z. He, M. Sun, Y. Liu, J. Li, Y. Pan, T. Ning, C. Guo, Y. Liang, R. Xu (+3 others)
2014 Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention  
Despite the established link between oral human papillomavirus (HPV) infection and a subset of oropharyngeal squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC), little is known about the epidemiology of oral HPV infection among healthy adults in China. Methods: Oral swab specimens and questionnaires were collected from 5,410 individuals (ages 25-65 years). HPV DNA in oral exfoliated cells was tested by general primer-mediated (SPF1/GP6þ) PCR and sequencing. Univariate and multivariate analyses were performed to
more » ... ere performed to assess the associations between exposure factors and oral infection. Results: Alpha mucosal HPV types were detected in 0.67% [95% confidence interval (CI), 0.47%-0.93%] of 5,351 b-globin-positive specimens, and cutaneous HPV in 5.46% (95% CI, 4.86%-6.10%). HPV 16 and 3 were the most prevalent types of a mucosal (0.43%; 95% CI, 0.27%-0.64%) and cutaneous HPV (4.17%; 95% CI, 3.65%-4.74%), respectively. The prevalence of a mucosal HPV decreased with increasing age (25-65 years) from 0.93% to 0.36% (P trend ¼ 0.033), and was associated with self-reported history of oral disease [adjusted odds ratio (OR), 4.78; 95% CI, 1.07-21.41]. In 1,614 heterosexual couples, cutaneous HPV in one partner was found to increase the other partner's risk of cutaneous HPV infection (adjusted OR, 2.33; 95% CI, 1.22-4.48). Conclusions: Oral HPV infection, particularly with a mucosal types, is rare among healthy adults in China. A younger age and a history of oral disease imply higher risk of a mucosal HPV infection.
doi:10.1158/1055-9965.epi-14-0084 pmid:25033824 fatcat:7ocjlfoad5edvahqwcs3aq2bh4