Estimation of Longitudinal Force, Sideslip Angle and Yaw Rate for Four-Wheel Independent Actuated Autonomous Vehicles Based on PWA Tire Model

Xiaoqiang Sun, Yulin Wang, Weiwei Hu
2022 Sensors  
This article introduces an efficient and high-precision estimation framework for four-wheel independently actuated (FWIA) autonomous vehicles based on a novel tire model and adaptive square-root cubature Kalman filter (SCKF) estimation strategy. Firstly, a reliable and concise tire model that considers the tire's nonlinear mechanics characteristics under combined conditions through the piecewise affine (PWA) identification method is established to improve the accuracy of the lateral dynamics
more » ... el of FWIA autonomous vehicles. On this basis, the longitudinal relaxation length of each tire is integrated into the lateral dynamics modeling of FWIA autonomous vehicle. A novel nonlinear state function, including the PWA tire model, is proposed in this paper. To reduce the impact of the uncertainty of noise statistics on the estimation accuracy, an adaptive SCKF estimation algorithm based on the maximum a posteriori (MAP) criterion is proposed in the estimation framework. Finally, the estimation accuracy and stability of the adaptive SCKF algorithm are verified by the co-simulation of CarSim and Simulink. The simulation results show that when the statistical characteristics of noise are unknown and the target state changes suddenly under critical maneuvers, the estimation framework proposed in this paper still maintains high accuracy and stability.
doi:10.3390/s22093403 pmid:35591093 pmcid:PMC9104631 fatcat:a6npqm57hvf4hncrq7i4msgd4e