An analysis on the relationship between land subsidence and floods at the Kujukuri Plain in Chiba Prefecture, Japan

Y. Ito, H. Chen, M. Sawamukai, T. Su, T. Tokunaga
2015 Proceedings of the International Association of Hydrological Sciences  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Surface environments at the Kujukuri Plain in Chiba Prefecture, Japan, in 1970, 2004, and 2013, were analyzed and compared to discuss the possible impact of land subsidence on the occurrence of floods. The study area has been suffered from land subsidence due to ground deformation from paleo-earthquakes, tectonic activities, and human-induced subsidence by groundwater exploitation. Meteorological data, geomorphological data including DEM obtained from the airborne
more » ... from the airborne laser scanning (1-m spatial resolution), leveling data, and the result of our assessment map (Chen et al., 2015) were used in this study. Clear relationship between floods and land subsidence was not recognized, while geomorphological setting, urbanization, and change of precipitation pattern were found to contribute to the floods. The flood prone-area is distributed on the characteristic geomorphological setting such as floodplain and back swamp. It was revealed that the urban area has been expanded on these geomorphological setting in recent years. The frequency of hourly precipitation was also shown to be increased in the past ca. 40 years, and this could induce rapid freshet and overflow of small- and medium-sized rivers and sewerage lines. The distribution of depression areas was increased from 2004 to 2013. This change could be associated with the ground deformation after the Tohoku earthquake (<i>M</i><sub>w</sub> = 9.0) in 2011.</p>
doi:10.5194/piahs-372-163-2015 fatcat:4xzc72jy5zgkdjk7qjhllyiuvi