Topology analysis of time-dependent multi-fluid data using the Reeb graph

Fang Chen, Harald Obermaier, Hans Hagen, Bernd Hamann, Julien Tierny, Valerio Pascucci
2013 Computer Aided Geometric Design  
A topology based tool for analyzing time-dependent particle-based fluid property. A new interpolation scheme for velocity interpolation on re-sampled points. A visualization which allows visual tracking of fluid bubbles in a stationary view. Abstract Liquid-liquid extraction is a typical multi-fluid problem in chemical engineering where two types of immiscible fluids are mixed together. Mixing of two-phase fluids results in a timevarying fluid density distribution, quantitatively indicating the
more » ... presence of liquid phases. For engineers who design extraction devices, it is crucial to understand the density distribution of each fluid, particularly flow regions that have a high concentration of the dispersed phase. The propagation of regions of high density can be studied by examining the topology of isosurfaces of the density data. We present a topology-based approach to track the splitting and merging events of these regions using the Reeb graphs. Time is used as the third dimension in addition to two-dimensional (2D) point-based simulation data. Due to low time resolution of the input dataset, a physics-based interpolation scheme is required in order to improve the accuracy of the proposed topology tracking method. The model used for interpolation produces a smooth timedependent density field by applying Lagrangian-based advection to the given simulated point cloud data, conforming to the physical laws of flow evolution. Using the Reeb graph, the spatial and temporal locations of bifurcation and merging events can be readily identified supporting in-depth analysis of the extraction process.
doi:10.1016/j.cagd.2012.03.019 fatcat:rm3fkyckf5a2ndz4tsly5i5xjm