The effect of ionising radiation on the physical properties of 3D-printed polymer boluses

Karolina Jezierska, Anna Sękowska, Wojciech Podraza, Helena Gronwald, Magdalena Łukowiak
2021 Radiation and Environmental Biophysics  
AbstractIn recent years, a method for designing radiotherapy boluses using 3D printing technology has been established in the West Pomeranian Oncology Centre in Szczecin, Poland. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether the ionising radiation used in radiotherapy affects the physical properties of the printing material. Particularly, the purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a 60 Gy X-ray radiation dose on the hardness and dimensions of 3D-printed boluses. Four
more » ... ids were printed on a Zortrax M200 printer with acrylonitrile–butadiene–styrene (ABS) polymer. All printed samples were exposed to 60 Gy of X-ray radiation delivered by a medical accelerator. After irradiation, changes in the hardness (using Vickers test) and dimensions of the prints were measured. The therapeutic X-ray dose had a minimal effect on the dimensions of the printed samples, resulting in a maximum contraction of only 0.4%. Changes of the hardness were not statistically significant. In conclusion, regarding the radiotherapy planning process, the application of this therapeutic X-ray dose does not significantly influence the hardness and dimensions of ABS-printed boluses.
doi:10.1007/s00411-021-00892-z pmid:33483777 fatcat:5zvaahbrtvf5nffgj7nh3mo3dq