Whole Grain Gluten-Free High Protein Vegetable Snacks of Buckwheat Peanut Meal and Kale

Talwinder S. Kahlon, Roberto J. Avena-Bustillos, Mei-Chen M. Chiu
2018 Food and Nutrition Sciences  
Whole grain gluten-free high protein vegetable snacks were evaluated. The snacks were Buckwheat-Peanut Meal-Kale (BPK), BPK-Garlic, BPK-Onion and BPK-Ginger. Peanut meal was utilized to increase the protein content of these snacks as well as to add value to this agricultural byproduct. Snack dough was prepared using water nearly 1:1 as other as is ingredients. About 20 g of snack dough was placed on preheated KrumKake Express 839 Baker and cooked for 2 minutes. Sixty-nine in-house volunteers
more » ... ged Color/Appearance and Texture/Mouth feel to be similar for the snacks tested. Taste/Flavor for BPK, BPK-Garlic and BPK-Onion snacks was similar and significantly higher (p ≤ 0.05) than for BPK-Ginger snacks. Odor/Aroma for BPK-Garlic snacks was significantly higher than for BPK-Ginger snacks. Acceptance for BPK and BPK-Garlic snacks was significantly higher than for BPK-Ginger snacks. Expansion 3.6 -4.2, porosity 0.72 -0.75 and water activity 0.35 -0.38 suggests that the snacks tested were light, crispy and have good anti-microbial stability. Acceptance was BPK and BPK-Garlic 94%, BPK-Onion 86% and BPK-Ginger 78%. These snacks contained only 3 -4 ingredients and could be made in any house hold kitchen and/or in commercial production. Acceptance of 78% -94% is very desirable. These whole grain gluten-free high protein vegetable healthy nutritious tasty snacks offer choice for all consumers, including individual's sensitive to gluten.
doi:10.4236/fns.2018.94026 fatcat:odk63diomzbptmegeopmljcbda