Impactul parazitar: nematoda Ditylenchus destructor–tuberculi de cartofi infestaţi în primele faze de ditilenhoză

Maria Melnic, Institute of Zoology, Republic of Moldova, Dumitru Erhan, Stefan Rusu, Olesea Gliga, Institute of Zoology, Republic of Moldova, Institute of Zoology, Republic of Moldova, Institute of Zoology, Republic of Moldova
2019 Functional Ecology of Animals   unpublished
There are presented data about morpho-physiological changes, as well as physiologico biochemicals, which appear in the tissue of potato tubers infested with Ditylenchus destructor (phases 2, 3 ditylenchose). The obtained data confirms that, D. destructor in the nutrition process eliminates in parallel celulosolitic and pectolytic enzymes, which cause complete maceration of the pectocellulosic membranes of the infected potato cell, as well as the parenchymal cortical tissue in which
more » ... cellulose and pectic substances , dominating being cellulose. The results of the biochemical analyzes revealed that, at this stage in the parasite tissue there is a diminishing of the dry mass quantity, and the increase of the quantity of water. It is important to mention that in the plasmalemma mechanically traumatized by the nematode stiletto, the main intracellular inclusions of the potato tuber - the starch granules - were kept without change. Subsequently, when plasmalemma is destroyed, the granules diffuse into the nematode suspension.
doi:10.53937/9789975315975.48 fatcat:tseonf5ixfgunjqs27s5o4cvgq