Growth of eucalyptus rooted cuttings in toxic organic waste compost of textile industry

Priscila F. de Souza, Danielle C. F. S. Grazziotti, Paulo H. Grazziotti, Luiz A. Fernandes, Enilson de B. Silva, Andrezza M. M. Gandini
2015 Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agrícola e Ambiental - Agriambi  
ABSTRACTBiodegradation techniques may help contaminated organic wastes to become useful for plant production. The current study aimed to evaluate the efficiency of composting in the biodegradation of toxic residues from the textile industry and its use as substrate in saplings production. Cotton cloths contaminated with oil and grease, used in loom maintenance, were composted in a mixture with cattle manure. The composted material replaced coconut fiber in the substrate for the production of
more » ... he production of eucalyptus rooted cuttings: mixture of vermiculite, carbonized rice husk and coconut fiber in the ratio of 2:1:1 (v/v) and using it as control. Thus, the amount of rice husks remained unchanged and the amount of vermiculite and compost varied. The compost proportion in the tested substrates were 0, 19, 37, 56 and 75%. The compost produced from textile wastes showed high nutrient levels and low levels of heavy metals. In general, the survival, growth and some growth indices of rooted cuttings produced on substrates with 19 and 37% compost were similar to those of rooted cuttings grown in commercial substrate. Composting is efficient and the material is useful for rooted cuttings production.
doi:10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v19n9p829-834 fatcat:vbqywjj2ynek3kmq3gm2eae6ri