Speech Enhancement and Recognition in Meetings With an Audio–Visual Sensor Array

Hari Krishna Maganti, Daniel Gatica-Perez, Iain McCowan
2007 IEEE Transactions on Audio, Speech, and Language Processing  
This paper addresses the problem of distant speech acquisition in multiparty meetings, using multiple microphones and cameras. Microphone array beamforming techniques present a potential alternative to close-talking microphones by providing speech enhancement through spatial filtering. Beamforming techniques, however, rely on knowledge of the speaker location. In this paper, we present an integrated approach, in which an audio-visual multiperson tracker is used to track active speakers with
more » ... accuracy. Speech enhancement is then achieved using microphone array beamforming followed by a novel postfiltering stage. Finally, speech recognition is performed to evaluate the quality of the enhanced speech signal. The approach is evaluated on data recorded in a real meeting room for stationary speaker, moving speaker, and overlapping speech scenarios. The results show that the speech enhancement and recognition performance achieved using our approach are significantly better than a single table-top microphone and are comparable to a lapel microphone for some of the scenarios. The results also indicate that the audio-visual-based system performs significantly better than audio-only system, both in terms of enhancement and recognition. This reveals that the accurate speaker tracking provided by the audio-visual sensor array proved beneficial to improve the recognition performance in a microphone array-based speech recognition system.
doi:10.1109/tasl.2007.906197 fatcat:4qqpwox7l5drte4c4fembnru74