Utilization of Carbon Nanotubes in Manufacturing of 3D Cartilage and Bone Scaffolds

Tomasz Szymański, Adam Aron Mieloch, Magdalena Richter, Tomasz Trzeciak, Ewa Florek, Jakub Dalibor Rybka, Michael Giersig
2020 Materials  
Cartilage and bone injuries are prevalent ailments, affecting the quality of life of injured patients. Current methods of treatment are often imperfect and pose the risk of complications in the long term. Therefore, tissue engineering is a rapidly developing branch of science, which aims at discovering effective ways of replacing or repairing damaged tissues with the use of scaffolds. However, both cartilage and bone owe their exceptional mechanical properties to their complex ultrastructure,
more » ... x ultrastructure, which is very difficult to reproduce artificially. To address this issue, nanotechnology was employed. One of the most promising nanomaterials in this respect is carbon nanotubes, due to their exceptional physico-chemical properties, which are similar to collagens—the main component of the extracellular matrix of these tissues. This review covers the important aspects of 3D scaffold development and sums up the existing research tackling the challenges of scaffold design. Moreover, carbon nanotubes-reinforced bone and cartilage scaffolds manufactured using the 3D bioprinting technique will be discussed as a novel tool that could facilitate the achievement of more biomimetic structures.
doi:10.3390/ma13184039 pmid:32933020 fatcat:ttrhc52wyvgz3ciyzs3g4yb5bq