Application of foodborne disease outbreak data in the development and maintenance of HACCP systems

Pedro J. Panisello, Roisin Rooney, Peter C. Quantick, Rosalind Stanwell-Smith
2000 Journal of food microbiology  
Five-hundred and thirty general foodborne outbreaks of food poisoning reported in England and Wales between 1992 and 1996 were reviewed to study their application to the development and maintenance of HACCP systems. Retrospective investigations of foodborne disease outbreaks provided information on aetiological agents, food vehicles and factors that contributed to the outbreaks. Salmonella spp. and foods of animal origin (red meat, poultry and seafood) were most frequently associated with
more » ... aks during this period. Improper cooking, inadequate storage, cross-contamination and use of raw ingredients in the preparation of food were the most common factors contributing to outbreaks. Classification and cross tabulation of surveillance information relating to aetiological agents, food vehicles and contributory factors facilitates hazard analysis. In forming control measures and their corresponding critical limits, this approach focuses monitoring on those aspects that are critical to the safety of the product. Incorporation of epidemiological data in the documentation of HACCP systems provides assurance that the system is based on the best scientific information available.
doi:10.1016/s0168-1605(00)00376-7 pmid:11020042 fatcat:ofhbca4pkje6xdf7p7qspkayui