Spatial Organization of Chromatin: Transcriptional Control of Adaptive Immune Cell Development

Jagan M. R. Pongubala, Cornelis Murre
2021 Frontiers in Immunology  
Higher-order spatial organization of the genome into chromatin compartments (permissive and repressive), self-associating domains (TADs), and regulatory loops provides structural integrity and offers diverse gene regulatory controls. In particular, chromatin regulatory loops, which bring enhancer and associated transcription factors in close spatial proximity to target gene promoters, play essential roles in regulating gene expression. The establishment and maintenance of such chromatin loops
more » ... e predominantly mediated involving CTCF and the cohesin machinery. In recent years, significant progress has been made in revealing how loops are assembled and how they modulate patterns of gene expression. Here we will discuss the mechanistic principles that underpin the establishment of three-dimensional (3D) chromatin structure and how changes in chromatin structure relate to alterations in gene programs that establish immune cell fate.
doi:10.3389/fimmu.2021.633825 pmid:33854505 pmcid:PMC8039525 fatcat:ixmxcc7ycfaqfler3fwtm4kyii