EEG and fMRI connectomes are reliably related: a simultaneous EEG-fMRI study from 1.5T to 7T [article]

Jonathan Wirsich, Joao Jorge, Giannina R Iannotti, Elhum A Shamshiri, Frederic Grouiller, Rodolfo Abreu, Francois Lazeyras, Anne-Lise Giraud, Rolf Gruetter, Sepideh Sadaghiani, Serge Vulliemoz
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Both electroencephalography (EEG) and functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI) are non-invasive methods that show complementary aspects of human brain activity. Despite their differences in probing brain activity, both electrophysiology and BOLD signal can map the underlying functional connectivity structure at the whole brain scale at different timescales. Previous work demonstrated a moderate but significant correlation between resting-state functional connectivity of both modalities,
more » ... ver there is a wide range of technical setups to measure simultaneous EEG-fMRI and the reliability of those measures between different setups remains unknown. This is true notably with respect to different magnetic field strengths (low and high field) and different spatial sampling of EEG (medium to high-density electrode coverage). Here, we investigated the reliability of the bimodal EEG-fMRI functional connectome in the most comprehensive resting-state simultaneous EEG-fMRI dataset compiled to date including a total of 72 subjects from four different imaging centers. Data was acquired from 1.5T, 3T and 7T scanners with simultaneously recorded EEG using 64 or 256 electrodes. We demonstrate that the whole-brain monomodal connectivity reliably correlates across different datasets and that the crossmodal correlation between EEG and fMRI connectivity of r≈0.3 can be reliably extracted in low and high-field scanners. The crossmodal correlation was strongest in the EEG-β frequency band but exists across all frequency bands. Both homotopic and withing intrinsic connectivity network (ICN) connections contributed the most to the crossmodal relationship. This study confirms, using a considerably diverse range of recording setups, that simultaneous EEG-fMRI offers a consistent estimate of multimodal functional connectomes in healthy subjects being organized into reliable ICNs across different timescales. This opens new avenues for estimating the dynamics of brain function and provides a better understanding of interactions between EEG and fMRI measures. Alterations of this coupling could be explored as a potential clinical marker of pathological brain function.
doi:10.1101/2020.06.16.154625 fatcat:ktgkxfrawnafnng7rrt6eg4qg4