Traumatic Dislocation of the Hip with a Femoral Head Fracture

Yerl-Bo Sung, Jung-Yun Choi, Jong-Woo Kim
2013 Hip & Pelvis  
Purpose: This study was designed in order to evaluate the clinical results and frequency of complications of patients who underwent surgical treatment for traumatic dislocation of the hip with a femoral head fracture. Materials and Methods: Eighteen cases of Thompson-Epstein type V femoral head fracture with dislocation of the hip from November 2002 to November 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. We divided the cases into two groups according to availability of closed reduction and reduction
more » ... e, and analyzed the clinical results according to Epstein criteria and frequency of avascular necrosis of the femoral head and posttraumatic osteoarthritis. Results: Among all patients, the observed complications included three cases of avascular necrosis and one case of posttraumatic osteoarthritis. The data showed that 14 cases were available for closed reduction; otherwise, there were four cases of failure. Significant differences were observed in clinical results and frequency of complications. Results regarding reduction time showed that 10 cases took 6 hours, and the other eight cases took more than 6 hours. There were no differences in clinical results, but, better results were achieved with a reduction time in 6 hours. However, significant differences were observed in frequency of complications. Conclusion: The availability of closed reduction would be an important factor for achievement of good clinical results in traumatic dislocation of the hip with a femoral head fracture. In order to obtain better clinical results, closed reduction should be performed as rapidly as possible.
doi:10.5371/hp.2013.25.1.57 fatcat:wb3m64qw7rfjldhekfnsvnt744