On the Strong Chromatic Index of Sparse Graphs

Philip DeOrsey, Michael Ferrara, Nathan Graber, Stephen G. Hartke, Luke L. Nelsen, Eric Sullivan, Sogol Jahanbekam, Bernard Lidický, Derrick Stolee, Jennifer White
2018 Electronic Journal of Combinatorics  
The strong chromatic index of a graph $G$, denoted $\chi'_s(G)$, is the least number of colors needed to edge-color $G$ so that edges at distance at most two receive distinct colors. The strong list chromatic index, denoted $\chi'_{s,\ell}(G)$, is the least integer $k$ such that if arbitrary lists of size $k$ are assigned to each edge then $G$ can be edge-colored from those lists where edges at distance at most two receive distinct colors.We use the discharging method, the Combinatorial
more » ... lensatz, and computation to show that if $G$ is a subcubic planar graph with ${\rm girth}(G) \geq 41$ then $\chi'_{s,\ell}(G) \leq 5$, answering a question of Borodin and Ivanova [Precise upper bound for the strong edge chromatic number of sparse planar graphs, Discuss. Math. Graph Theory, 33(4), (2014) 759--770]. We further show that if $G$ is a subcubic planar graph and ${\rm girth}(G) \geq 30$, then $\chi_s'(G) \leq 5$, improving a bound from the same paper.Finally, if $G$ is a planar graph with maximum degree at most four and ${\rm girth}(G) \geq 28$, then $\chi'_s(G)N \leq 7$, improving a more general bound of Wang and Zhao from [Odd graphs and its applications to the strong edge coloring, Applied Mathematics and Computation, 325 (2018), 246-251] in this case.
doi:10.37236/5390 fatcat:orytssdr3bbxxpuwy6kjtfjofu