Distinct dendritic Ca2+ spike forms produce opposing input-output transformations in rat CA3 pyramidal cells [article]

Ádám Magó, Noémi Kis, Balázs Lükó, Judit K Makara
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Proper integration of different inputs targeting the dendritic tree of CA3 pyramidal cells (CA3PCs) is critical for associative learning and recall. Dendritic Ca2+ spikes have been proposed to perform associative computations in other PC types, by detecting conjunctive activation of different afferent input pathways, initiating afterdepolarization (ADP) and triggering burst firing. Implementation of such operations fundamentally depends on the actual biophysical properties of dendritic Ca2+
more » ... es; yet little is known about these properties in dendrites of CA3PCs. Using dendritic patch-clamp recordings and two-photon Ca2+ imaging in acute slices from male rats we report that, unlike CA1PCs, distal apical trunk dendrites of CA3PCs exhibit distinct forms of dendritic Ca2+ spikes. Besides ADP-type global Ca2+ spikes, a majority of dendrites expresses a novel, fast Ca2+ spike type that is initiated locally without backpropagating action potentials, can recruit additional Na+ currents, and is compartmentalized to the activated dendritic subtree. Occurrence of the different Ca2+ spike types correlates with dendritic structure, indicating morpho-functional heterogeneity among CA3PCs. Importantly, ADPs and dendritically initiated spikes produce opposing somatic output: bursts versus strictly single action potentials, respectively. The uncovered variability of dendritic Ca2+ spikes may underlie heterogeneous input-output transformation and bursting properties of CA3PCs, and might specifically contribute to key associative and non-associative computations performed by the CA3 network.
doi:10.1101/2021.10.11.463888 fatcat:hou2i4sclzatdpbgp7i4saowom