An OWL ontology library representing judicial interpretations

Marcello Ceci, Aldo Gangemi, Pompeu Casanovas, Monica Palmirani, Silvio Peroni, Tom van Engers, Fabio Vitali, Pompeu Casanovas, Monica Palmirani, Silvio Peroni, Tom van Engers, Fabio Vitali
2016 Semantic Web Journal  
The article introduces a formal model of legal knowledge that relies on the metadata contained in judicial documents, and JudO, a judicial ontology library that represents the interpretations performed by a judge when conducting legal reasoning towards the adjudication of a case. For the purposes of this application, judicial interpretation is intended in the restricted sense of the acts of judicial subsumption performed by a judge when considering a material instance (a token in Searle's
more » ... ology), and assigning it to an abstract category (type). JudO is centred on a core ontology featuring some judicial ontology patterns, which take advantage of constructs introduced by OWL2, in order to provide appropriate legal semantics, while retaining a strong connection to source documents (i.e. fragments of legal texts). The final goal of the framework is to detect and model of jurisprudence-related information directly from the text, and to perform shallow reasoning on the resulting knowledge base. JudO also constitutes the basis for the application of argumentation patterns through reasoning on a set of rules, which represent the grounding of judicial interpretations in deontic and defeasible logics.
doi:10.3233/sw-140146 fatcat:2fiq56xmxrfotjpua6eltnngfi