XLynx—An FPGA-based XML filter for hybrid XQuery processing
ACM Transactions on Database Systems
While offering unique performance and energy saving advantages, the use of field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs) for database acceleration has demanded major concessions from system designers. Either the programmable chips have been used for very basic application tasks (such as implementing a rigid class of selection predicates), or their circuit definition had to be completely re-compiled at runtime-a very CPUintensive and time-consuming effort. This work eliminates the need for such
... ons. As part of our XLynx implementation-an FPGAbased XML filter-we present skeleton automata, which is a design principle for data-intensive hardware circuits that offers high expressiveness and quick re-configuration at the same time. Skeleton automata provide a generic implementation for a class of finite-state automata. They can be parameterized to any particular automaton instance in a matter of micro-seconds or less (as opposed to minutes or hours for complete re-compilation). We showcase skeleton automata based on XML projection [Marian and Siméon 2003], a filtering technique that illustrates the feasibility of our strategy for a real-world and challenging task. By performing XML projection in hardware and filtering data in the network, we report on performance improvements of several factors while remaining non-intrusive to the back-end XML processor (we evaluate XLynx using the Saxon engine).