Correlation between Functional Independence, Depression Anxiety and Community Integration in Subjects with Post Stroke Hemiparesis
International Journal of Health Sciences and Research
Stroke is the rapid loss of brain functions due to disturbance in the blood supply to the brain. It is a major cause of long term disability. Stroke survivors show a variety of physical and psychosocial problems, which can affect their reintegration into the community. This study explored the association of community reintegration with motor function in form of functional independency and Post Stroke Depression (PSD) and anxiety. Sixty post stroke survivors (both acute & chronic stage) with
... age of 58.3 ± 7.8 years participated in this study, in which 36 were male and 24 were female taken from Neuro-rehabilitation OPD of SBB College of Physiotherapy, VS and SVP hospital campus. Functional Independency was assessed by Functional Independence Measure (FIM) Scale, PSD and Anxiety by the Depression, Anxiety, Stress Scale (DASS), and Community Reintegration by the Community Integration Questionnaire (CIQ). Data analysis was done. Results show that there is Strong Positive correlation between FIM and CIQ (r = 0.861, p < 0.05), Strong Negative correlation between FIM and DASS (r = - 0.849, p < 0.05) and Strong Negative correlation between DASS and CIQ (r = - 0.819, p< 0.05) in subjects with post stroke hemiparesis. This study concluded that the higher the Functional Independence, the higher community reintegration, and the lower the PSD and anxiety. Functional independence and depression are factors that influence community reintegration and should be assessed and adequately treated before stroke survivors' return to the community. Key words: Community Reintegration, Functional Independence, Depression, Rehabilitation, Stroke.