Blindness among Drivers in University of Maiduguri
Journal of Medical Science And clinical Research
Although the causes of Road Traffic Accidents are multifactorial, good vision is an important component of safe driving. Objective: The objective of the study was to determine the visual status of motor vehicle drivers of the University of Maiduguri. Materials and Methods: This was a cross sectional study carried out at the Sick Bay of the University of Maiduguri and the department of Ophthalmology, University of Maiduguri between December, 2015 and January, 2016. The study was carried out as
... as carried out as part of an eye health screening exercise organized by the University for all drivers under its employment. A structured protocol was designed. A detailed ocular examination using pen torch and direct ophthalmoscope was done on each participant by two ophthalmologist and all the findings entered into the structured protocol. Those who were found to have evidence of glaucoma, cataract, refractive errors and or visual acuity of less than 6/18 were further evaluated at the department of Ophthalmology, University of Maiduguri Teaching Hospital by the same examiners using Slit Lamp Bio Microscope, Goldmann tonometer and auto refractor for further evaluation and management. Results: A total of 112 respondents were examined. All were males. The most common age group was 30-35 years (24.1%). Best corrected Visual Acuity (BCVA) of 6/6-6/12 (normal) was seen in 106 (94.6) right and 107 (95.5%) left eyes of the drivers respectively, while 2 (1.8%) had visual acuity of less than 3/60 (blind) in both eyes. Refractive errors were the commonest condition seen in 42 (37.5%) of respondents. Conclusion: There was low prevalence of visual impairment and blindness amongst the drivers of the University of Maiduguri which may be due to compliance of the Institution to road safety standards for drivers before employment.