Organisation innovation and entrepreneurship: the role of the national laboratories in promoting industrial development

Ta Hsien Lo, Shyhnan Liou, Benjamin Yuan
2005 International Journal of Technology Management  
The development of IC industry in Taiwan began with a technology transfer from the U.S. based RCA Company, which was conducted by Industrial Technology Research Institute (ITRI). ITRI's Technology Transfer Team (TTT) members were first incubated in the National Laboratories at ITRI, and then dispatched to spin-off companies in the Hsinchu Science and Industrial Park (HSIP). Many of these TTT members are now the CEOs of leading companies within the IC industry. The aim of this study is to
more » ... how ITRI's Electronics Research and Service Organization (ERSO) shaped R&D engineers into technical entrepreneurs (Technopreneurs), and how ERSO has promoted Taiwan's industrial development. This study uses in-depth interviews with 16 TTT members, combined with critical incident analysis of historical documents to support the following two themes: (1) ERSO/ITRI's organizational innovation inspired IC technopreneurs to realize the "Innovative Spirit" and "Technopreneurship". This was done by ERSO's adaptation of new-enlightened experimentation procedures, by ERSO's cultivation of the "Innovative Spirit" of technopreneurs under transformational leadership, and by ERSO's innovative climate. Besides, the all-purpose training of operation executives was conducted in an environment that simulated market and business operations, which perfected the managing skills of these "technopreneurs". (2) As national laboratories in Taiwan, ERSO has contributed human capital and social capital to the development of IC industry in 1 Taiwan, and it has also effectively linked Taiwan's common innovative infrastructure with the geographical advantages of individual industrial clustering, thus creating the national innovative capability of Taiwan's IC industry.
doi:10.1504/ijtm.2005.006352 fatcat:leekb3xsmzeododmndsyzjvkwa