Enabling better aggregation and discovery of cultural heritage content for Europeana and its partner institutions. Master's thesis oral defence

Julien A. Raemy, Arnaud Gaudinat
2020 Zenodo  
Presentation carried out during a master's thesis oral defence at the Haute école de gestion de Genève on 28 August 2020. The recording is available here: https://vimeo.com/453003769 Abstract of the master's thesis: Europeana, a non-profit foundation launched in 2008, aims to improve access to Europe's digital cultural heritage through its open data platform which aggregates metadata and links to digital surrogates held by over 3700 providers. The data comes both directly from cultural heritage
more » ... institutions (libraries, archives, museums) as well as through intermediary aggregators. Europeana's current operating model leverages the Open Archives Initiative Protocol for Metadata Harvesting (OAI-PMH) and the Europeana Data Model (EDM) for data import through Metis, Europeana's ingestion and aggregation service. However, OAI-PMH is an outdated technology, is not web-centric, which presents high maintenance implications, in particular for smaller institutions. Consequently, Europeana seeks to find alternative aggregation mechanisms that could complement or supersede it over the long term, and which could also bring further potential benefits. The research scope of this master's thesis is to extend on previous aggregation experiments that Europeana successfully carried out with various technologies, such as aggregation based on Linked Open Data (LOD) datasets or through the International Image Interoperability Framework (IIIF) APIs. The literature review first focuses on metadata standards and the aggregation landscape in the cultural heritage domain, and then provides an extensive overview of Web-based technologies with respect to two essential components enabling aggregation: data transfer and synchronisation as well as data modelling and representation. Three key results were obtained. First, the participation in the Europeana Common Culture project resulted in the documentation revision of the LOD-aggregator, a generic toolset for harvesting and transforming LOD. Second, 52 resp [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.3975523 fatcat:zvkpezrdirazjnuixzrt7uvtey