Integration von MigrantInnen und die Bedeutung des Spracherwerbs in Österreich
Nowadays, the integration of migrants is a topic of great importance. The main interest of this thesis is expressed by the research question as follows: "What is the role of language acquisition of the receiving country's language for the integration process and are there disparities between the Austrian integration policy and relevant scientific findings of the migration research?" In this thesis the integration is understood as a mutual process. Hence the integration efforts cannot be
... exclusively from the immigrants. However the hypothesis assumes this deficit-oriented approach in the integration policy and is analysing this on the basis of the language policy of integration. In the analysis the human capital theory is used to identify the function of the language in particular for the structural integration. The findings confirm a deficit-oriented approach, as the political claims of the host country Austria impose compulsory requirements for the acquisition of language only to third country nationals. At the same time the chances of multilingualism as the migrants' resource are too little recognized and promoted. The theory of transnationalism, as the thesis' main theoretical approach, leads to a reassessment of the common perspectives on migration. This theory recognizes that the lives of migrants do not only take place in the receiving country, but the ties to the country of origin remain. Building on this knowledge disparities between migration research and policy implementation are addressed and mainly presented based on the criticism of linguistics. The acquisition of language is to be encouraged and stimulated, but not imposed by law. The integration policy should enhance the course offerings based on incentives and a wider range of the programme. Simultaneously the politics should promote the importance of the languages of migrants for the labour market and within education. Despite these criticisms, the importance of the German language for participation is emphasized.