Traditional and Orthodox Medical Systems in Nigeria: The Imperative of a Synthesis

Toyin Adefolaju
2014 American Journal of Health Research  
Every society makes provisions for health care delivery systems for its members. This is with a view to providing medical and related services for the maintenance of good health, particularly through the prevention and treatment of diseases. This is in recognition of the pervasive importance of good health upon which life is contigent. These societies thus developed indigeneous medical systems through interactions with their environment wherein the health needs of the people were met. The
more » ... ath of colonisation in Nigeria has however presented two health care systems-traditional and orthodox-which seem to work at cross purposes in meeting the health needs of the people. While orthodox practice enjoys official recognition, traditional practice is derided by the authorities. Yet a significant proportion of the population (about 70 per cent) still patronise the traditional health practitioners. It is obvious that the two forms of medical practice have come to stay and it is logical therefore to explore the possibility of both being available to the people for improved health care delivery system for the people . This paper, through literature reviews, examines the structures and features of both medical systems in Nigeria with a view to finding a convergence that will be to the advantage of the populace.
doi:10.11648/j.ajhr.20140204.13 fatcat:hqhp6grp2vg3ph6osqiqw4ymey