Characterization and Anticancer Potential of Silver Nanoparticles Biosynthesized from Olea chrysophylla and Lavandula dentata Leaf Extracts on HCT116 Colon Cancer Cells
Journal of Nanomaterials
Cancer was ranked as the second leading cause of death, and colon cancer has been reported as the third most frequent cancer worldwide. Chemotherapeutic drugs act on normal and cancerous cells similarly; therefore, they have various adverse side effects. Nanoparticles were identified to have a controlled effect on different cancer cell lines. The present study is aimed at studying biosynthesis silver nanoparticles by using aqueous Olea chrysophylla and Lavandula dentata leaf extracts,
... , and evaluating their anticancer potential. Silver nanoparticles were characterized by using SEM, XRD, FTIR, zeta potential, and size distribution mean, and their antiproliferative and apoptotic potentials were evaluated on HCT116 cells. Results show the formation of silver nanoparticles Olea-AgNPs and Lav-AgNPs due to the change of color to dark brown, and characterization revealed their crystalline shape with a mean size of 284.5 nm for Lav-AgNPs and 328.6 nm for Olea-AgNPs. Lav-AgNPs shows more stability than Olea-AgNPs due to its higher negative zeta potential (-14.3 mV) than nanoparticles biosynthesized from Olea leaves (-0.877 mV). Conversely, Lav-AgNPs shows more effective antiproliferative potential on HCT116 with (IC50 = 59.79 μg/ml) than Olea-AgNPs (IC50 = 99.35 μg/ml). However, Olea-AgNPs significantly increased the late stage of apoptotic and necrotic cells in comparison to Lav-AgNPs-treated cells in flow cytometry assay. Silver nanoparticles biosynthesized from Olea and lavender show anticancer potential with a more effective potential reported compared to Lav-AgNPs.