Vector vorticity of skyrmionic texture: An internal degree of freedom tunable by magnetic field
Physical review B
Different from the skyrmion driven by the Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction in non-centrosymmetric materials, the skyrmionic texture in centrosymmetric magnet may possess the extra internal degrees of freedom, which greatly enrich its morphologies, imply the continuous deformation allowed by topological protection, and enable flexible tunability and potential functionality. To describe the internal degree of freedom to full extent, the conventional integer-valued scalar vorticity is extended
... o a vector vorticity with continuous rotation allowed. The further simplified vorticity angle, together with helicity angle, represents the whole rotation freedom of spin space. The centrosymmetric magnet with frustration provides a perfect platform for realizing a controllable manipulation on these internal degrees of freedom, where the magnetic field can be applied to tune vorticity continuously in both crystal and isolated forms of skyrmionic texture, and the helicity can be further controlled by electric field. Moreover, the simulation reveals the distinctive dynamic effects related to the vorticity modulation, namely, a straight motion can be generated by rotating magnetic field to tune vorticity, and the vorticity can also be controlled to modulate the dynamics induced by the spin polarized current.