Hydrodynamic shrinkage of liquid CO2 Taylor drops in a straight microchannel

Ning Qin, John Z Wen, Carolyn L Ren
2018 Journal of Physics: Condensed Matter  
Hydrodynamic shrinkage of liquid CO 2 drops in water under a Taylor flow regime is studied using a straight microchannel (length/width ~ 100). A general form of a mathematical model of the solvent-side mass transfer coefficient (k s ) is developed first. Based on formulations of the surface area (A) and the volume (V) of a general Taylor drop in a rectangular microchannel, a specific form of k s is derived. Drop length and speed are experimentally measured at three specified positions of the
more » ... positions of the straight channel, namely, immediately after drop generation (position 1), the midpoint of the channel (position 2) and the end of the channel (position 3). The reductions of drop length (L x , x = 1, 2, 3) from position 1 to 2 and down to 3 are used to quantify the drop shrinkage. Using the specific model, k s is calculated mainly based on L x and drop flowing time (t). Results show that smaller CO 2 drops produced by lower flow rate ratios (Q LCO2 /Q H2O ) are generally characterized by higher (nearly three times) k s and Sherwood numbers than those produced by higher Q LCO2 /Q H2O , which is essentially attributed to the larger effective portion of the smaller drop contributing in the mass transfer under same levels of the flowing time and the surface-to-volume ratio (~ 10 4 m -1 ) of all drops. Based on calculated pressure drops of the segmented flow in microchannel, the Peng-Robinson equation of state (EOS) and initial pressures of drops at the T-junction in experiments, overall pressure drop (ΔP t ) in the straight channel as well as the resulted drop volume change are quantified. ΔP t from position 1 to 3 is by average 3.175 kPa with a ~1.6% standard error, which only leads to relative drop volume changes of 0.3‰ to 0.52‰.
doi:10.1088/1361-648x/aaa81c pmid:29431151 fatcat:pdwsjtecijccpic7tahuta26ui