Knowledge and Attitude of Self-Monitoring of Blood Pressure Among Adult Hypertensive Patients on Follow-Up at Selected Public Hospitals in Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Study

Wake AD, Bekele DM, Tuji TS
2020 Integrated Blood Pressure Control  
Addisu Dabi Wake,1 Daniel Mengistu Bekele,2 Techane Sisay Tuji1 1Nursing Department, College of Medical and Health Sciences, Arsi University, Asella, Ethiopia; 2School of Nursing and Midwifery, College of Health Sciences, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, EthiopiaCorrespondence: Addisu Dabi Wake Tel +251 910 2867 66Email addansa12@gmail.comBackground: Self-monitoring of blood pressure (BP) among hypertensive patients is an important aspect of the management and prevention of complication
more » ... ted to hypertension. However, self-monitoring of BP among hypertensive patients on scheduled follow-up in hospitals in Ethiopia is unknown. The aim of the study was to assess knowledge and attitude of self-monitoring of BP among adult hypertensive patients.Methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted on 400 adult hypertensive patients attending follow-up clinics at four public hospitals of Arsi Zone, Oromia Regional State, Ethiopia. The data were collected from patients from March 10, 2019 to April 8, 2019 by face-to-face interview using a pretested questionnaire and augmented by a retrospective patients' medical records review. The data were analyzed using the SPSS version 21.0 software.Results: A total of 400 patients were enrolled into the study with the response rate of 97.6%. The median age of the participants was 49 years (range 23– 90 years). More than half (225 [56.3%]) were male. The majority (160 [40%]) were married and more than two-thirds (282 [70.5%]) were Oromo by ethnic background. About 206 (51.5%) had attended primary education. The proportion of patient's knowledge toward self-monitoring of BP and the practice of self-monitoring of BP among hypertensive patients was 31.5% (n=126 [95% CI; 26.5, 36.5]) and 7.75% (n=31 [95% CI; 5.3, 10.5]) respectively. The multivariable logistic regression analysis revealed; higher education (AOR=2.73, 95% CI [1.33, 13.88)], governmental employed (AOR=1.52, 95% CI [1.06, 6.48]), having an income of > 3500 Ethiopian Birr (AOR=2.16, 95% CI [1.56, 7.39]), duration of hype [...]
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