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In this work, seals in Ottoman Empire are studied as a diplomatic element. Seal, used in official documents from the earliest times of the empire, was used as a meta in forgery of documents by making imitations or producing counterfeits. Within this framework, profession of Hakkak, which is the art of engraving seals, and application books were studied in relation to the subject. Along with the historical process of the profession of Hakkak, its problems in 19th century were studied in terms ofdoi:10.9737/hist.2017.556 fatcat:blanrafbezhflmbv32iihz2ddu