A New Fault Diagnosis Model for Circuits in Railway Vehicle Based on the Principal Component Analysis and the Belief Rule Base

Hao Wu, Bangcheng Zhang, Zhi Gao, Siyu Chen, Qianying Bu, Chuan Li
2021 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Circuits are considered an important part of railway vehicles, and circuit fault diagnosis in the railway vehicle is also a research hotspot. In view of the nonlinearity and diversity of track circuit components, as well as the diversity and similarity of fault phenomena, in this paper, a new fault diagnosis model for circuits based on the principal component analysis (PCA) and the belief rule base (BRB) is proposed, which overcomes the shortcomings of the circuit fault diagnosis method based
more » ... data, model, and knowledge. In the proposed model, to simplify the model and improve the accuracy, PCA is used to reduce the dimension of the key fault features, and varimax rotation is used to deduce the fault features. BRB is used to combine qualitative knowledge and quantitative data effectively, and evidential reasoning (ER) algorithm is used to carry out the inference of knowledge. The initial parameters of the model are optimized, and the optimal precondition attributes, rule weights, and belief degree parameters are obtained to improve the accuracy. Through the training and testing of the model, the experimental results show that the method can accurately diagnose the fault of the driver controller potentiometer in the railway vehicle. Compared with other methods, the model shows high accuracy.
doi:10.1155/2021/2516118 fatcat:olu2hnzmpbd3tgjz7x2qiegy7e