Circulating tumor cells and the metastatic process: the complexity of malignancy

Tania Di Raimo, Elena De Santis, Luigi Coppola, Mario Rosario D��Andrea, Francesco Angelini
2018 Journal of Cancer Metastasis and Treatment  
Despite improvements achieved in terms of early detection and therapeutic approach, metastatic breast cancer remains one of the principal worldwide causes of death. In recent years, due to the heterogeneous response of each patient to chemotherapy, clinical research highlights the need of a personalized approach. Circulating tumor cells (CTCs) represents a promising tool for this purpose. Unfortunately, even if their correlation with severity, outcome and metastatic nature of the tumor has been
more » ... the tumor has been established, several issues, mainly concerning their characterization and isolation, need to be solved. In this review, latest knowledge on CTCs and metastatic process in breast cancer were analyzed, aiming to understand their clinical utility and validity for a prospective therapeutic scenario.
doi:10.20517/2394-4722.2018.50 fatcat:pel35qsmcjavlo75gvhfctsyky