Optimal diet and lifestyle strategies for the management of cardio-metabolic risk

Bruce A. Griffin
2020 Proceedings of the Nutrition Society  
Cardio-metabolic risk (CMR) embodies a clustering of metabolic abnormalities that increase the likelihood of developing CVD in the large arteries of the heart, peripheral tissues and brain. These abnormalities share a common origin of insulin resistance, which manifests typically as excess visceral adipose tissue in the abdominal cavity, and within cells of key metabolic tissues (ectopic fat), including the liver, pancreas, heart and skeletal muscle. As expected, the increased risk of CVD that
more » ... d risk of CVD that can be attributed to CMR factors is alarmingly high in overweight and obese populations, but this risk can be reduced by reversing many of the inappropriate diet and lifestyle behaviours that underlie its development. The Nutrition Society's 2018 Winter Meeting at the Royal Society of Medicine addressed the topic of the 'Optimal diet and lifestyle for managing cardio-metabolic risk', with the aim of providing mechanistic insights into the impact of macronutrients, dietary patterns and meal timing in key metabolic tissues. The 2-d programme concluded with a summary of its main outcomes, and an overview of their implications for dietary policy in the UK.
doi:10.1017/s0029665119001149 pmid:31985390 fatcat:ugd232eahjd4dd2pp5lku5v4u4