One more year of schooling or work: Grade-transition and child labor in rural Bangladesh

Alok Kumar
2015 Journal of Developing Areas  
This paper aims to identify main factors hindering the achievement of universal primary education (Millennium Development Goal 2) for children in Rural Bangladesh using a large household survey data. It estimates a bivariate probit model to analyze the effects of parental education, household resources, and other child-specific and household characteristics on the grade-transition and child labor of children aged 7-14 years in Rural Bangladesh. We find that the effects of parental education,
more » ... ental education, birth-order, and interruptions in schooling are grade-specific. Father's education has greater effect on the grade-transition in lower grades, while mother's education has greater effect on the grade-transition in higher grades. First-born children and children whose schooling has been interrupted in lower grades are less likely to transit to the next grade and are more likely to participate in the labor force. JEL Codes: J22, I20, D60
doi:10.1353/jda.2015.0164 fatcat:6jhv3xu7sfee5k5qotpx7axtwi