Use and Safety of Prophylactic Endoscopy From a Single Center Serving Urban and Rural Children With Portal Hypertension [post]

Voytek Slowik, Anissa Bernardez, Heather Wasserkrug, Ryan T. Fischer, James F. Daniel, Tassos Grammatikopoulos
2021 unpublished
Background: Prophylactic endoscopy is routine in adults with portal hypertension (PHTN), but there is limited data in pediatrics. We sought to describe our experience with prophylactic endoscopy in pediatric PHTNMethods: Retrospective cohort study of 87 children who began surveillance endoscopy prior to gastrointestinal bleeding (primary prophylaxis) and 52 who began after an episode of bleeding (secondary prophylaxis) from 01/01/1994 – 07/01/2019. Results: Patients who underwent primary
more » ... axis had a lower mean number of endoscopies (3.897 vs 6.269, p = 0.001). The primary prophylaxis group was less likely to require a portosystemic shunt (6% vs 15%, p < 0.001) with no difference in immediate complications (1% vs 2%, p = 0.173), 2-week complications (1% vs 2%, p = 0.097), need for transplant (24% vs 27%, p = 0.0819) or death (5% vs 13%, p = 0.061). No deaths were related to variceal bleeding or endoscopy. Conclusions: Primary and secondary endoscopic prophylaxis should be considered safe for the prevention of variceal hemorrhage in pediatric portal hypertension. There are differences in outcomes in primary and secondary prophylaxis, but unclear if this is due to patient characteristics versus treatment strategy. Further study is needed to compare safety and efficacy to watchful waiting.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:j34rvfsw5fgfna6jxitnyrrb3y