Physical attributes of the river basin of Roncador river associated to the landscape change in the municipality of Magé, Rio de Janeiro-Brazil

Raquel de Oliveira Santos, Rafael Coll Delgado, Marcos Gervasio Pereira, Leonardo Paula de Souza
2018 Bioscience Journal  
The objective of this study was to conduct a temporal analysis of biophysical attributes of the river basin of Rio Roncador, located in the municipality of Magé, Rio de Janeiro. SRTM data were used for the determination of the river basin morphometry and two images of the orbital platform Landsat5 TM sensor (01/28/1986 and 02/15/2010) applied the SEBAL algorithm to characterize the landscape dynamics. The results indicate that The river basin has a drainage area equivalent to 186.21 km2,
more » ... er 101.78 km, circularity index equal to 0.22, form factor 0.26 and compares index 2.09. These results indicate that the river basin is not prone to flooding, mainly due to its elongated form. It was possible to verify that in the interval of 24 years, degradation occurred in the region beyond the change in the coverage of the soil of the river basin. The results indicated a tendency of reduction in the areas of permanent preservation -13.4% of the river basin. It is concluded that anthropogenic actions were able to alter the surface cover of the soil and that, by the way, may have influenced the water dynamics of the river basin.
doi:10.14393/bj-v34n3a2018-36716 fatcat:z47s5swc7vhupa4paxpxk3f3am