Local field potentials in Parkinson's disease: a frequency-based review

Zixiao Yin, Gaunyu Zhu, Baotian Zhao, Yutong Bai, Yin Jiang, Wolf-Julian Neumann, Andrea A. Kühn, Jianguo Zhang
2021 Neurobiology of Disease  
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) surgery offers a unique opportunity to record local field potentials (LFPs), the electrophysiological population activity of neurons surrounding the depth electrode in the target area. With direct access to the subcortical activity, LFP research has provided valuable insight into disease mechanisms and cognitive processes and inspired the advent of adaptive DBS for Parkinson's disease (PD). A frequency-based framework is usually employed to interpret the
more » ... of LFP signatures in LFP studies on PD. This approach standardizes the methodology, simplifies the interpretation of LFP patterns, and makes the results comparable across studies. Importantly, previous works have found that activity patterns do not represent disease-specific activity but rather symptom-specific or task-specific neuronal signatures that relate to the current motor, cognitive or emotional state of the patient and the underlying disease. In the present review, we aim to highlight distinguishing features of frequency-specific activities, mainly within the motor domain, recorded from DBS electrodes in patients with PD. Associations of the commonly reported frequency bands (delta, theta, alpha, beta, gamma, and high-frequency oscillations) to motor signs are discussed with respect to band-related phenomena such as individual tremor and high/low beta frequency activity, as well as dynamic transients of beta bursts. We provide an overview on how electrophysiology research in DBS patients has revealed and will continuously reveal new information about pathophysiology, symptoms, and behavior, e.g., when combining deep LFP and surface electrocorticography recordings.
doi:10.1016/j.nbd.2021.105372 pmid:33932557 fatcat:4oh4mta62fgw3bzk62uh5son4e