Terminal Planning: The Selection of Relevant KPIs to Evaluate Operations

Ville Hinkka, Janne Porkka, Zarrin Fatima, Juha Hyvärinen, Aapo Huovila, Pau Morales-Fusco, Enrique Martin, Gisela Soley
2018 Zenodo  
The European Union is highly dependent on seaports for trade with the rest of the world and within its Internal Market. Approximately, 75% of goods imported and exported and 37% of exchanges within the Union transited through seaports in 2013. To manage this amount of cargo in ports, smooth operations are required. The performance of ports is currently evaluated by using different types of Key Performance Indicators (KPIs). How the indicators are described is dependent on the stakeholders and
more » ... eir organizational interest. Ports, and the transport sector as a whole, are undergoing drastic changes. To cite a few, demand increases, ship capacity enlargements, shipping line mergers and alliances lead to more concentrated flows and increase of traffic in certain hub ports detrimental to medium size ones, other aspects such new requirements regarding environment protection and security are also relevant. At the same time, ports are usually located in the middle of existing neighborhoods, which limits possibilities to enlarge their area whilst stress is placed to improve the port-city interrelation. Therefore, there is a need to invest in port infrastructure, but expansion or renovation of a port is extremely difficult. The required investments are big and the planning horizon is long. Hence, if the designed structures turn out to be unsuitable due to changes in needs, it is rather expensive to make changes. Planning tools have developed remarkably during the past 10 years. Different types of planning tools are used in seaport and terminal design to model the completeness. Modelling generates digital representations of physical and functional characteristics of a terminal area, buildings and other infrastructures. With the help of model-based approaches and with suitable KPIs, it is easier to understand and evaluate the effects of certain design solutions for terminal operations in a larger context. By using modelling tools, it is also possible to comp [...]
doi:10.5281/zenodo.1486589 fatcat:eieo4rxm3jgutg7e3dvldtd44m