The mediating role of optimism and resilience on emotional distress in infertility: an integrative literature review

Diana Santa-Cruz, IVI-RMA Madrid and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain, Soledad Chamorro, Juan A. Garcia-Velasco, IVI RMA MADRID., IVI-RMA Madrid and Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Spain
2019 International Journal of Psychological Research and Reviews  
Review Article IJPRR (2019) 2:22 Objective: To find any role of optimism and/or resilience mediating emotional distress in infertility. Method: We performed a literature search for 2000-2017 in PubMed, PsycINFO and Elsevier, for original articles and reviews, using keywords "resilience," "infertility," "optimism," "LOT-R," "in vitro fertilization," and "assisted reproductive technology." Additional references were collected from articles located thereby. Results: The evidence reveals a growing
more » ... rend of promoting people´s positive health assets and indicates significant negative associations of optimism and resilience with anxiety and depression and positive associations with self-esteem and perception of control. It seems optimism and resilience heavily influence physical and mental health and diminishes emotional distress due to infertility. Discussion: This review highlights the importance of the development of therapeutic and preventive interventions increasing optimism and resilience against affective dysregulation and emotional distress caused by infertility.
doi:10.28933/ijprr-2019-09-2105 fatcat:qhw2ptnz75djnaqoep24fsrjk4