Millimeter-Wave Voltage-Controlled Oscillators in 0.13-$mu$m CMOS Technology
IEEE Journal of Solid-State Circuits
This paper describes the design of CMOS millimeterwave voltage controlled oscillators. Varactor, transistor, and inductor designs are optimized to reduce the parasitic capacitances. An investigation of tradeoff between quality factor and tuning range for MOS varactors at 24 GHz has shown that the polysilicon gate lengths between 0.18 and 0.24 m result both good quality factor ( 12) and max min ratio ( 3) in the 0.13-m CMOS process used for the study. The components were utilized to realize a
... zed to realize a VCO operating around 60 GHz with a tuning range of 5.8 GHz. A 99-GHz VCO with a tuning range of 2.5 GHz, phase noise of 102.7 dBc/Hz at 10-MHz offset and power consumption of 7-15 mW from a 1.5-V supply and a 105-GHz VCO are also demonstrated. This is the CMOS circuit with the highest fundamental operating frequency. The lumped element approach can be used even for VCOs operating near 100-GHz and it results a smaller circuit area. Index Terms-CMOS, lumped model, millimeter wave, MOS varactor, quality factor, transmission line, voltage-controlled oscillator (VCO). Public reporting burden for the collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing this burden, to Washington Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports, 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington VA 22202-4302. Respondents should be aware that notwithstanding any other provision of law, no person shall be subject to a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number.